After 40 years, on the night of Sunday, November 27, 2022, the Mauna Loa volcano erupted, becoming not only the largest in the world, but also the largest that is active. Where is the largest volcano on the planet?

This eruption began after a series of earthquakes recent in the region where it is located, in Hawaii, including more than a dozen earthquakes that were reported throughout that day at the end of the year 2022.

The last time this had happened was in March and April of 1984, with lava flows eight kilometers from the City of Hilo.

Mauna Loa: what it is like and where it is located

The Big Island is rural and home to cattle ranches and coffee farms, but it also has some small towns, including the county seat of Hilo, which has a population of 45,000.

This volcano won the podium from Tamu in that same year 2022, a seamount located in the same ocean that rises 4,000 meters above the seabed. The Tamu massif that emerged 145 million years ago was considered the largest volcano on Earth, even considered one of the largest in the solar system, surpassing Mount Olympus on the planet Mars.

Mauna Loa: what it is like  Mauna Loa: what it is like

But an evaluation by a group of scientists determined that Mauna was even larger. Mauna Loa is an active shield volcano with a volume of 75,000 cubic kilometers and was considered the largest due to its size and surface area. Its name is Hawaiian and means “long mountain.”

This eruption a little less than two years ago ended within a period of two weeks and, due to the precautions that were taken, there were no fatalities. In other of its eruptions, such as those in 1926 and 1950, it had destroyed several villages in the area with its lava. The current City of Hilo was built largely on the flows of this substance.

Mauna Loa: where it is locatedMauna Loa: where it is located

Scientists have studied that this volcano It has been erupting for centuries, since the colonization of the Hawaiian archipelago by Polynesian navigators. There are written records dating back to 1843, documenting some 33 eruptions.

The chemistry of the magma has remained constant, giving rise to lava flows of up to almost a thousand degrees Celsius, although it has not had particularly explosive activity. In the books this eruptive activity appears concentrated at the summit or on its slopes, but those of recent decades began at the summit.

For more latest and up to dated news, Visit Baddiehub Now.

Similar Posts